Kampala Faecal Sludge Management Fact Sheets
Summary of sanitation challenges
The impacts of poor sanitation are particularly more significant in Kampala City due to among other challenges;
- Low coverage (less than 10%) of the sewer network (mainly confined in the central business district). This has resulted into indiscriminate disposal of untreated sewerage into the environment
- Over 90% of the households use pit latrines, most of which have inadequate standards. Approximately 1.8% is estimated to have no access to a toilet at all. In addition, almost 45% of the pit latrines are abandoned after 5 years when they are either full or broken-down due to poor infrastructure, and inadequate operation and maintenance.
- Pit emptying services are unregulated, inadequate and largely unknown or unaffordable by the urban poor in informal settlements.
- There are also some pit emptying technological limitations in terms of flexibility to manoeuvre into congested informal settlements and efficiency to serve settlements with simple pits.
- Majority of the population dispose solid waste into pit latrines. This practice makes; the pits to fill up in a short period of time, makes it difficult to empty such pit latrines and ultimately increases the cost of pit emptying services
Consequently, it is estimated that less than 45% of the pit latrine waste (Feacal sludge) is safely collected, transported, disposed and treated. The rest is either left in abandoned pits or discharged in the open environment-leading to frequent disease epidemics especially during the rainy season