Kampala Tree and Palm Directory

Tree Species
Common Name
Tree Description
Tree Uses

Ateso: Etek, etekwa Kwamba: Musisiya Luganda:Mugavu Lugishu: Chesovio, kumoluko Lugwe: Mubere Luo A:Latoligo, ayekayek Luo J: Omogi, ober Luo L: Itek, bata Lusoga:Musita Madi: Oyo Rukiga:Muyenzayenze Runyankore: Musisa,murongo Runyoro: Musisa Rutoro: Musisa.

+ Tree Species

Albizia coriaria

+ Tree Family

Mimosaceae

+ Ecology

Albizia coriaria is indigenous to Uganda.A timber tree found from West Africa to the Sudan and south to Angola, though absent from the eastern and southern parts of Central Africa. It is found throughout Uganda on a variety of soils; common at forest edges, in wooded grassland, woodland and thicket 850-1,680 m. It is a pioneer species requiring light and will not grow in tropical forest with a closed canopy. In Kampala, Albizia coriaria can be found at Speke road, Ridgeway drive, within Makerere university, Uganda Golf course club among other places.

+ Description

A deciduous tree 6-36 m, the crown spreading and flat, the trunk often twisted, any buttresses short and blunt.

BARK: grey-black, rough and scaling raggedly. Young branchlets rather hairy.

LEAVES: new growth pale bright green. Bipinnate with 3-6 pairs pinnae and 6-11 pairs of medium-large leaflets, all about equal in size, to 3 cm long, hardly one-sided, narrowly oval-oblong, rounded and often wider at the base, tip rounded.

FLOWERS: very many sweet-smelling white flowers in half-spherical heads, the stamen filaments red above but not or hardly hanging out beyond the flower tube.

FRUIT: flat purple-brown pods, often shiny, 14-20 cm long, about 3 cm wide, tip and base narrowed, becoming papery, the few seeds inside about 1 cm, round and flat.

+ Uses

Agroforestry: used in apiculture (useful source of bee forage, provides fodder to the animals, fixes nitrogen in the soil, can be used in intercropping, leaves used to hasten banana ripening.

An ornamental tree and a good shade provider.

Medicine: bark, leaves, and root bark. http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php id=Albizia%20coriaria

The leaves are a source of saponins and are sometimes used for washing clothes.

The leaves are placed among bananas in order to hasten their ripening.

The branchlets have been used as fire-sticks.

The wood is used for construction, light and heavy flooring, staircases, furniture, cabinet making, joinery, turnery, implements, carvings, glued laminated timber and veneer. It is also suitable for carpentry, mine props, vehicle bodies, toys and novelties, musical instruments, railway sleepers, boxes and crates.

The wood is used for fuel and is commonly used for charcoal production.

The tree provides poles.

+ Propagation

Seed, wildings.

+ Management

Slow-growing; lopping, pollarding.

+ Remarks

In Uganda the tree is used as a prop for food climbers like Dioscorea, passion fruit and Taeferia. The Hima community makes beautiful milk jars from the wood. The sapwood is soft but the heavy heartwood is hard and durable. The brown timber makes good furniture.



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